December 2014 Artifact of the Month


Army of Tennessee Battle Flag

 This flag, carried by an unidentified Confederate Tennessee Cavalry unit, was captured by Cpl. Harrison Collins of the1st Tennessee Cavalry (U.S.A.) at the battle of Richland Creek, near Nashville, Tennessee, on December 24, 1864. In a report written the next day, Brigadier General John Croxton described the flag’s capture:

“I have the honor to forward herewith a rebel battle flag captured from Chalmers Division yesterday evening. The capture was made by Corporal Harrison Collins, Co. A,1st Tennessee Cavalry. The corporal saw the rebel standard bearer, under the direction of a rebel major, trying to rally his men. He determined to have the flag; led a charge, killed the major, routed his men and secured the flag."

 Earlier in the year, after losing Atlanta—a major supply center for the Confederate army—General John B. Hood had taken the battered remains of his army north into Tennessee, hoping to draw Sherman away from Atlanta in order to protect his own supply lines.  His plan eventually came to a crashing halt at Nashville, where Hood’s army was defeated and driven from the state.

Please also visit our Document of the Month page.

Artifact of the Month Archives

Click on the images below to learn more about past Artifacts of the Month.


November 2014

October 2014


September 2014

August 2014

July 2014

June 2014

May 2014

April 2014

March 2014

February 2014

January 2014

December 2013

November 2013

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September 2013

August 2013

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December 2012

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April 2012