November 2014 Document of the Month

The Museum library collection includes more than 4,500 loose miscellaneous wartime and postwar newspapers and dozens of bound volumes containing continuous runs of wartime papers from Richmond, Charleston, Columbia, South Carolina, Baltimore, and New York.  Among the rare loose issues are camp newspapers produced by Federal and Confederate soldiers and newspapers printed in Federally-occupied Southern cities by Northern or Unionist publishers.


A group of Northern war correspondents started the weekly Palmetto Herald in 1864, more than two years after the Federals captured Port Royal and Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, transforming it into a key base for the U.S. Navy and an important freedmen’s community. This November 10, 1864 issue (the only one in the Museum collection) notes the third anniversary of the battle of Port Royal. 


Ironically, much of the news broadcast in this pro-Union newspaper came from “Clippings from late Rebel newspapers.” One item in this issue quoted a source claiming that Confederate cavalry was surrounding Atlanta and that “The garrison is studying the means of escape from Atlanta.” In fact, within days, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s troops burned parts of the city and “escaped” via the (in)famous March to the Sea.


View this document in greater detail here.

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Please also visit our Artifact of the Month page.

Document of the Month Archives

Click on the images or links below to learn more about past Documents of the Month.


October 2014

September 2014


August 2014

July 2014

June 2014

May 2014

April 2014

March 2014

February 2014

January 2014

December 2013

November 2013

October 2013

September 2013


August 2013

July 2013

June 2013

May 2013

April 2013

March 2013

February 2013

January 2013

December 2012

Jackson Letter   Transcription

Livingston Letter   Transcription


Booker 1862 Booker 1863

Letter Descriptions

November 2012

October 2012

September 2012

August 2012

July 2012

June 2012

Document   Explanation/Transcription

May 2012

April 2012

March 2012