The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (also known as the Freedmen's Bureau) was established by the War Department in 1865 to undertake the relief effort and the unprecedented social reconstruction that would bring freedpeople to full citizenship. Museum volunteer Morris Lockhart will discuss the legislation leading up to the Congressional action authorizing the Freedman’s Bureau, the key players that brought it about and then oversaw it, and the Bureau’s legacy. Cost: Free, but does not include admission to the Museum's exhibits.
To the Bitter End is a new book that discusses all the surrenders at the end of the Civil War. From Appomattox to Bennett Place, to Alabama, the Trans-Mississippi, and Indian Territory, each surrender unfolded differently and had its own set of challenges. These fascinating stories have been compiled in one book. Robert M. (Bert) Dunkerly is a historian who has written more than ten books on the Revolution, Civil War, and historic preservation.
The 57th Massachusetts Veteran Volunteers, one of four so-called 'Veteran' regiments was brand new to the front lines in May of 1864 when they marched off into the Wilderness. From then on, the regiment would see action in every single battle of the Overland Campaign. They would serve in the initial assaults on Petersburg, fight in the battle of the Crater, and after months in the trenches see their final action at Fort Stedman. This lecture will tell the story of a regiment that may have only seen one year of the war, but saw some of its hardest fighting.
The condition known today as PTSD went by several names during the Civil War: soldier’s heart, irritable heart and effort syndrome among others. Although the syndrome was called by another name, the symptoms that Civil War soldiers experienced are recognizable in many combat veterans that have been diagnosed today. Unfortunately, there are many of the same results 150 years later. Beth White, Veteran and MOC Volunteer, will examine the frequent symptoms, causes and treatments that were often provided and consider some examples of soldiers who experienced the irritable heart.
Whether the Civil War was preventable is a debate that began shortly after Appomattox and continues today. But even earlier, in 1861, a group of Union-loyal Virginians-led by George Summers, John Brown Baldwin, John Janney and Jubal Early-felt war was avoidable. Author and historian Lawrence M. Denton traces this remarkable story of Virginians working against all odds in a failed attempt to save a nation from war.