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“When Johnny Came Marching Home” uses the Museum of the Confederacy’s rich collection of objects, photographs, and documents to tell the story of Confederate veterans in the postwar South – of the veterans organizations that flourished, but also poignant stories of individual men maimed by war and others who survived into the mid-20th century to become the “living monuments” of the War. This is a special preview of some of those items.
Presented by Olive Scott Benkelman
Portrait photograph of Andrew Porter Scott (1829-1916) (right)
Courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. James M. Scott
Andrew Porter Scott enlisted in Company B of the 29th Virginia Infantry in March 1862. He was wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864, and surgeons amputated his left arm. After more than six months in Richmond hospitals, he was retired to do “light duty” with the Reserve Corps and transferred to a hospital in southwest Virginia a month before Appomattox. He lived the remainder of his life in Smyth County, Virginia. According to his family, Scott found the prosthesis uncomfortable and left it in the attic, where his grandchildren played with it.
Slouch Hat of Sergeant Thomas Jacob Duckett
Presented by Mrs. George Ellis
Portrait photograph of Thomas Jacob Duckett (1842-1919)
Courtesy of the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
Sergeant T. J. Duckett of Company I, 3rd South Carolina Infantry was wounded in action at Chickamauga, Georgia, in September 1863, but he escaped death by a matter of inches when a bullet passed through his slouch hat. He affixed a cloth label to his hat telling the story of his near miss, and wore the hat at veterans’ reunions.
United Confederate Veterans Uniform Frock Coat of Enoch Timothy Martin (left)
Presented by The Walter Cecil Rawls Library
Virginia State Flag of the Black Horse Troop (below)
Presented by Mary Minor and Alice Dixon Payne Carr, granddaughters of the first and last company commanders, 1918
The men of the Black Horse Troop, Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, preserved the state flag that they had carried to war in 1861 and used it in funerals for the unit’s veterans after the war.
|Confederate veteran Julius F. Howell of Bristol, Virginia, and Union Veteran Frederick K. McWade of the 150th Ohio Infantry at Memorial Day Ceremony, Philadelphia, 1940 (above)|
African-American Veterans at Grand Army of the Republic Reunion, Norfolk, Virginia (above)
Courtesy of the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia [MSS 11436]
Approximately 75,000 African-American and white Union veterans were living in the South and receiving U.S. government pensions in 1909. Many of them were former slaves who had served in the United States Colored Troops. African Americans represented a large percentage of Southern members of the Grand Army of the Republic (the primary Union army veterans organization). Most of the posts were segregated racially, but there were integrated posts in Tennessee and Kentucky and in communities too small to support segregated posts.
T. D. Rock’s Membership Certificate in Hood’s Brigade Texas Association (below)