April 2014 Document of the Month

It is a cliché that “an army marches on its stomach.” Civil War historians typically pay lip service to the importance of logistics in determining the success or failure of campaigns, but most prefer writing about – and we prefer reading about – the exciting activities of men in battle or on the march much more than the tedious activities of quartermaster and subsistence officers who tried to insure that those soldiers were properly clothed and fed.

On this, the sesquicentennial of the beginning of the celebrated spring 1864 campaigns, we pay homage to those supply officers with this invoice of supplies issued to the 13th North Carolina Infantry, Army of Northern Virginia, on April 30, 1864. A week later the 13th would be engaged in the battle of the Wilderness. They began the season with a supply of new jackets, pants, shirts, trousers, socks, shoes, blankets, wagon grease, and harness oil, and corn, hay, and fodder for the horses.

This document is from one of the Museum’s several large collections of Quartermaster and Commissary and Subsistence Bureau papers. This collection was amassed during the war by Capt. Charles D. Hill (1837-1898). A North Carolinian who lived and worked in Richmond before the war, Hill survived the war and returned to Richmond as a tobacco merchant. Hill himself donated to the Museum a large army chest filled with his papers.  A complete inventory of the collection is available upon request. Contact library@moc.org.

If you are interested in learning more about these documents or other items in our collection, please visit our Archives page.

Please also visit our Artifact of the Month page.

Document of the Month Archives

Click on the images or links below to learn more about past Documents of the Month.


March 2014


February 2014

January 2014

December 2013

November 2013

October 2013

September 2013


August 2013

July 2013

June 2013

May 2013

April 2013

March 2013

February 2013

January 2013

December 2012

Jackson Letter   Transcription

Livingston Letter   Transcription


Booker 1862 Booker 1863

Letter Descriptions

November 2012

October 2012

September 2012

August 2012

July 2012

June 2012

Document   Explanation/Transcription

May 2012

April 2012

March 2012